Venice, with its complicated and mysterious “calli”, rich in history and story at the same time, with its weaving of canals that cross the city and come across monuments and historical and artistic testimonies, Venice still able to delight the soul of its visitors. This small city, rich in history and traditions, does not just offer a glimpse into the past, it still exposes itself behind its wonder. For example, through the Biennale of Art and Architecture and with the collateral events that follow the city is crossed by the contemporary. Contemporaneity that also manifests itself through today’s artistic realities such as the Academy of Fine Arts and the IUAV University, the annual Bevilaqua La Masa competitions and the artistic residences offered. Venice is a lively reality to be rediscovered and respected.
Giudecca is an island located in the south of the historic center of Venice. It overlooks the homonymous canal of Giudecca, in front of the Dorsoduro district. It is a quiet residential area but still offers exceptional accommodation opportunities, such as the new Hilton Hotel built at the Mulino Stucky, and architectural and historical testimonies. In the 1500s the church of the Redentore was built on the island as a sign of thanks for the end of the terrible plague that in 1576 caused the death of a third of the city population (including the Doge Sebastiano Venier) still today appears to be the fulcrum of the Feast of the Redentore. The Tre Oci house is open to the public and since 2012 has become an exhibition space dedicated to contemporary art, with particular attention to the photography.
The name of this Sestiere come from the very stable land that characterized the less marshy area than elsewhere, such as the Cannareggio Sestriere. Dorsoduro is centrally located and connected to the San Marco area by the Accademia bridge. After San Marco, Dorsoduro is the sestiere of Venice where the most important museums are concentrated: the main museum is the Galleria dell'Accademia, transferred to these buildings by Napoleon in 1807. The Peggy Guggenheim Collection of modern and contemporary art is also very important. at Palazzo Venier dei Leoni once also the private residence of the American patron, and the Punta della Dogana Museum of Contemporary Art - François Pinault Foundation, headed by the Palazzo Grassi structure, inaugurated in 2009. The most important churches are the Basilica of Santa Maria della Salute, the church of the Gesuati, the church of San Trovaso, the church of San Pantalon, the church of Ognissanti and the church of San Nicolò dei Mendicoli. In this district, there is also the squero of San Trovaso and Campo Santa Margherita, a meeting place for Venetians and students.
The sestiere's name comes from to the church of Santa Croce, an important place of cult demolished after the suppression of Napoleon. As part of San Polo, this sestiere once be a part of the area called Luprio, where numerous salt mines were located.
It is the sestiere that during the twentieth century more than the others suffered the impact of the road link between Venice and the mainland, first with the construction of the Maritime Station and then with the creation of the Piazzale Roma area. This is the only district of the lagoon city where there is a small area where it is possible to circulate with vehicles, although in a very limited way.
The most valuable buildings are located along the Grand Canal. Among these, Ca 'Pesaro stands out for its importance, which is home to the Oriental Art Museum and the International Gallery of Modern Art where significant works of great authors are exhibited, including Gustav Klimt, Vasilij Kandinskij and Matisse. The Fontego dei Turchi, once the warehouse where Ottoman merchants could unload their goods, is now the home of the Natural History Museum, where two complete dinosaur skeletons found during a scientific expedition financed by the Venetian entrepreneur can also be admired Giancarlo Ligabue.
Despite San Polo being the smallest of the districts, it hosts the second largest camp in Venice, Campo San Polo, from which it takes its name. Certainly, the most important historical area is the area of Rialto, with its bridge, the typical fish and vegetable market and the Church of San Giacomo di Rialto, traditionally considered the oldest in Venice. The sestiere contains two Scuole Grandi, the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, still open, and the Scuola Grande di San Giovanni Evangelista. Connected to San Marco by the important Rialto Bridge, it offers various, cultural and leisure opportunities: the areas adjacent to the market are becoming the new meeting point for Venetians and young students. Furthermore, the sestiere is characterized by the highest concentration of shops and taverns: especially typical Venetian bacari.
We San Marco is the most important Sestriere in Venice: the heart of Venice since the foundation of the Serenissima.
The vital fulcrum of the Sestiere is obviously Piazza San Marco, overlooked by the Palazzo Ducale. In the year 828, the Good fishermen from Malamocco and Rustego da Torcello stole the body of San Marco Evangelista from Alexandria and brought it to Venice where it is still preserved in the Basilica dedicated to him. Since then the saint became the patron saint of the city and gave the square its name.
Other places of interest are the La Fenice Theater, Correr Museum, Palazzo Fortuny and Palazzo Grassi, which has been converted into a Contemporary Art Museum with the extraordinary Pinault Collection. The island of San Giorgio Maggiore also belongs to the sestiere, where there is the homonymous basilica and the Giorgio Cini Foundation.
Castello is the easternmost of the Venice districts and the second most populated. At the back of Piazza San Marco, there is the Church of San Zaccaria in Venice, a place of great historical importance in the city. In this district, there is the Arsenal of Venice, which has played a vital role for the Serenissima: strategic center of its power and very important ship factory. Now owned by the Navy and partly dedicated to the Venice Biennale.
Today the Sestiere is a pilgrimage destination for lovers of contemporary art and architecture: it is here that the Biennale of Art and the Biennale of Archietettura are hosted.
Cannaregio is the most populated district and the second largest: occupies almost the whole part of the city to the north of the Grand Canal. The name of the sestiere derives from the marshy area in which it was built with vast reeds.
In this district there is the Ghetto of Venice, in the Jewish quarter there are still the 5 synagogues, some of which are open to the public.
The main artery of the whole district is the wide road that leads from the Santa Lucia station to Rialto. This route begins at the foot of the Ponte degli Scalzi (Canal Grande side) and ends in Campo dei Santi Apostoli. In the middle of the path, there is Palazzo Mora, an exhibition space dedicated to the Biennale and more, this is where the Venice International Performance Week is held. Along the foundations of the Misericordia, where the carnival start every year, there are several clubs and bacari and it is a very lively and frequented area.
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